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Contra Account: A Complete Guide + Examples

contra revenue account list

For example, Sales returns and allowances is a contra-revenue account, in which sales returns and allowances are separately accounted for in order to have a separate data for such items. Accountants use contra accounts rather than reduce the value of the original account directly to keep financial accounting records clean. If a contra account is not used, it can be difficult to determine historical costs, which can make tax preparation more difficult and time-consuming. You can also record contra revenue within the sales account, but this means that it will be buried within the total amount of revenue reported, so that management cannot easily determine the amount of contra revenue.

Requests for a public hearing are also encouraged to be made electronically. If a public hearing is scheduled, notice of the date and time for the public hearing will be published in the Federal Register. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Code, these proposed regulations have been submitted to the Chief Counsel for the Office of Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on its impact on small business.

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GAAP, the allowance for doubtful accounts represents management’s estimate of the percentage of “uncollectible” accounts receivable (i.e. the credit purchases from customers that are not expected to be paid). A contra account enables a company to report the original amount while also reporting the appropriate downward adjustment. If you want to compare your business’s revenue from period to period, look at your operating revenue. This gives you more of an idea of whether your company is growing or declining since non-operating revenue is irregular. Revenue does not show you how much your business actually has during a period.

contra revenue account list

Expense Reimbursement is a contra expense account with a credit balance that reduces the normal debit balance of its related parent Expense account in order to present the net value of business expenses in a company’s income statement, such as the employee portion of health insurance benefits. To illustrate the contra revenue account Sales Returns and Allowances, let’s assume that Company K sells $100,000 of merchandise Accounting for Startups: 7 Bookkeeping Tips for Your Startup on credit. It will debit Accounts Receivable for $100,000 and credit to Sales for $100,000. If a customer returns $500 of this merchandise, Company K will debit Sales Returns and Allowances for $500 and will credit Accounts Receivable for $500. Company K’s income statement will report the gross Sales of $100,000 minus the sales returns and allowances of $500 and the resulting net sales of $99,500.


Accumulated depreciation is a contra asset account used to record the amount of depreciation to date on a fixed asset. Examples of fixed assets include buildings, machinery, office equipment, furniture, vehicles, etc. The accumulated depreciation account appears on the balance sheet and reduces the gross amount of fixed assets. Key examples of contra asset accounts include allowance for doubtful accounts and accumulated depreciation. Accumulated depreciation reflects the reduction in value of a fixed asset. Owner’s Draw is a contra equity account with a debit balance that records withdrawals and distributions of business assets for owner’s personal use to reduce the normal credit balance of Owner’s Equity and report the net value on a balance sheet of a sole proprietorship or partnership business.

If the related account is a liability account, then a contra liability account is used to offset it with a debit balance. Thus, the natural balance of a contra account is always the opposite of the account with which it is paired. Last, for contra revenue accounts there are sales discounts, sales allowances, or sales returns. These contra revenue accounts tend to have a debit balance and are used to calculate net sales. Obsolete, Unsold and Unusable Inventory are contra asset accounts with a credit balance that reduce the normal debit balance of the main Inventory asset account in order to present the net value of inventory on a company’s balance sheet.

Example Contra Account – Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

Some of the most common contra assets include accumulated depreciation, allowance for doubtful accounts, and reserve for obsolete inventory. Contra Equity Account – A contra equity account has a debit balance and decreases a standard equity account. Treasure stock is a good example as it carries a debit balance and decreases the overall stockholders’ equity. Contra accounts are used to reduce the value of the original account directly to keep financial accounting records clean. The allowance method of accounting allows a company to estimate what amount is reasonable to book into the contra account.

contra revenue account list

Pursuant to the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6), it is hereby certified that these proposed regulations will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. This certification is based on the fact that the section 5000D tax is imposed only when certain drug manufacturers, producers, and importers sell certain drugs during periods described in section 5000D(b). The periods described in section 5000D(b) relate to benchmarks in the Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Program, which involves only certain drugs with high Medicare expenditures. If any section 5000D tax liability arises, the taxpayers will primarily not be small entities.

Revenues Explained

When a contra asset account is first recorded in a journal entry, the offset is to an expense. For example, an increase in the form of a credit to allowance for doubtful accounts is also recorded as a debit to increase bad debt expense. Contra equity reduces the total number of outstanding shares on the balance sheet. The key example of a contra equity account is Treasury stock, which represents the amount paid to buyback stock. Another type of contra account is known as “contra revenue,” which is used to adjust gross revenue to calculate net revenue, i.e. the “final” revenue figure listed on the income statement. The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that the dwelling unit is certified in accordance with section 6 of this notice under the Energy Star Single-Family New Homes National Program Requirements 3.2.

Examples of equity contra accounts are Owner Draws and Repurchased Treasury Stock Shares. To illustrate, let’s use the contra asset account Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. Since it is a contra asset account, this allowance account must have a credit balance (which is contrary to the debit balances found in asset accounts). The Allowance for Doubtful Accounts is directly related to the asset account entitled Accounts Receivable.

What Is the Benefit of Using a Contra Account?

Home Depot also devotes footnote 4 to its share repurchase program and reports that the company is authorized by its board to repurchase $20 billion in shares. In footnote 3, the company reports, “Net property and equipment includes accumulated depreciation and amortization of $25.3 billion as of August 1, 2021 and $24.1 billion as of January 31, 2021.” Founded in 1993, The Motley Fool is a financial services company dedicated to making the world smarter, happier, and richer. The Motley Fool reaches millions of people every month through our premium investing solutions, free guidance and market analysis on, top-rated podcasts, and non-profit The Motley Fool Foundation. If you have investments that earn interest, you will need to create an Interest Revenue account.

  • Contra equity is a general ledger account with a debit balance that reduces the normal credit balance of a standard equity account to present the net value of equity in a company’s financial statements.
  • The contra asset account Accumulated Depreciation is deducted from the related Capital Assets to present the net balance on the parent account in a company’s balance sheet.
  • A revenues account with a debit balance instead of the usual credit balance.
  • These proposed regulations do not have federalism implications, do not impose substantial direct compliance costs on State and local governments, and do not preempt State law within the meaning of the Executive order.
  • If you want to compare your business’s revenue from period to period, look at your operating revenue.

Section 45L(c)(1)(A) generally provides that a dwelling unit meets the requirements of § 45L(c)(1)(A) if such dwelling unit meets the requirements of § 45L(c)(2) or (3) (whichever is applicable). A dwelling unit meets the requirements of § 45L(c)(1)(B) if such dwelling unit is certified as a “zero energy ready home” under the “zero energy ready home program” (ZERH program) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) as in effect on January 1, 2023 (or any successor program determined by the Secretary of the Treasury or her delegate (Secretary)). The equity section of the balance sheet is where the shareholder’s claims to assets are reported.